May / might + have + past participle. She usually leaves her house before 11 o’clock so I deduce that she has definitely left the house. We use might (may or could) + have + past participle (3d form of the verb) when we are not 100% sure whether something happened or not. The real situation and result: I didn’t know about the traffic problem so I am imagining the possibility of taking a different route if I had known. She can´t have a twelve-year-old son, she´s only twenty-three herself! It could also be used to say that something was true in the past. Estoy aburrido. They must have left early. "I have eaten at that restaurant before." We use must have to express that we feel sure that something was true. Ss must fill in the gaps with the missing verbs. Could have is often used with “if + had + past participle” (If I had gone / if she hadn’t fallen) – these “if” phrases express the imaginary past situation. I couldn't have arrived any earlier. He must have already gone. Complete List of Present Perfect Forms I must play football. Statement: You have seen that movie many times. He should not have forgotten to bring his passport. She regrets doing so now. We use must have + past participle when we feel sure about what happened. = I do not have toplay football. He didn’t ask me before borrowing my car. The clause with might have describes the possible result of the unreal situation described by the "if" clause. = I do not need to play football. Worksheets - handouts. Question: Have you seen that movie many times? There was a terrible traffic jam (= it was impossible for me to have arrived any earlier). Con las deducciones en pasado, ocurre lo mismo sólamente tenemos que añadir HAVE+3rd column detrás del modal verb. "can't have": we believe the action definitely did not happen (the opposite of "must have"). She may have stolen my lipstick. played, arrived, looked. The boy must not have been rude to the old man. Sarah thinks she ____ her purse on the bus. I'm bored. Can / could - exercises May / might Must / have to Shall / should Will / would Mixed modals - exercises Had better Home. The modals must, must not and need nothave the same form regardless the subject. She should not have taken the matter too seriously. A look at how we use 'must have + infinitive/past participle' to express how we think something is very likely to be the case. We use past modals to speculate on past events. His train ____ delayed. Here are some examples: May have / Might have = something possibly happened (but we aren’t sure if it did) “They may have left early because of the holiday traffic.” (= Maybe they left early…) Dos hombres fueron arrestados ayer. "I have driven a car." Deducciones en positivo: MUST HAVE+past participle; It must have been a good party. = I am not allowed toplay football. He shouldn't have dropped (drop) out of the school. Copyright 2013-2021 Copyright and trademark information. He shouldn't have dropped (drop) out of the school. They have already started to review the papers. "might not have": we believe it's possible that the action did not happen, but we don't know. Shoul - could have + past participle This worksheets will be helpful for English students learning about lost opportunities. [ . ] He is late for this appointment. [ . ] She (have) a lot of money. We join should have, could have or would have to the past participle to form modal verbs. Again, 'I have' shows possession or something acquired. PRESENT AND PAST PARTICIPLE. Video: must / have to. May have: Past unreal possibility: We may have passed the math exam, but it was in Spanish. ► If you want to say the sth. She (study) a lot. * I need not play football. 4) Prepositions Example: “It can’t have been in the kitchen.” Here are some examples of modals of probability WITHOUT ‘been’ … “She must have studied in the morning.” “They can’t have slept well last night.” “He might have bought a new car.” Notice that each modal + have is followed by a past participle … : When expressing a personal opinion about probability (deduction), we mostly use must to express that we feel something is true: He must … Who told the newspapers about the prime minister's plans? Couldn't have + past participle means that something wasn't possible in the past, even if you had wanted to do it. 2) That woman drives a very expensive car. Good song to practice past participle and present perfect. We use "must have", "can't have" and "might have" with the past participle of the main verb: subject + "must have" + past participle. is unnecessary, use need not, not must not. La forma del "past participle" de un verbo regular es raíz+ed, e.g. Sitemap. _____ So this is it. I must not play football. However, in some cases you can use could have … In other word, we are guessing about what we think happened. He trabajado. Both "must have" and "should have" are perfect modals and they should be followed by past participle (verb3) They mustn't have arrived (arrive) early, or else they would have called us. Must and have to - modal verbs exercises. Index of contents. He should have asked you before borrowing your car. The song is Westlife - Have y... 2,701 Downloads . The man should not have been under the influence of alcohol. We had to go to bed at 8 o’clock when we were kids. - Macmillan Dictionary However, the reasoning assumed for must is often weak or absent in conversational use of the term. To form these past modals, use could, would, or should followed by have , followed by a past participle verb. Must, have to: present: past: When expressing obligation, we say: I must go. The structure should / must / ought to have + past participle is used to say what one thinks was essential. Would have + past participle:It is usually depending on the result. En cuanto a los verbos irregulares, consulta la Tabla de verbos irregulares Here are some examples: "I have done it." No estamos seguros de lo que sucedió exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos llegar a alguna conclusión. = I have toplay football. The structure may / might + perfect infinitive is used to talk about the possibility that something happened in the past. It is possible that he has not finished his exams, but it is also possible that he has finished them. 2 Formar la pasiva. Must / can't / couldn't have - to express probability in the past. For example, He could have broken my car window. Can you correct these 14 basic grammar mistakes? Must have: Past unreal assumption The adverb goes between them (always, already). likelihood of the deduction. Must 1 used for saying that you think something is probably true because nothing else seems possible: They must have got lost or they’d be here by now. subject + "might (not) have" + past participle. Present Perfect Forms. Notice that these examples consist of the verb “have” is separated from the past participle. I have worked. Both "must have" and "should have" are perfect modals and they should be followed by past participle (verb3) They mustn't have arrived (arrive) early, or else they would have called us. Past modals tell what could have, would have, and should have happened. A diferencia de “ might have ” o “ may have ”, como veremos más tarde, “ must have ” … She regrets doing so now. My teacher might have called my parents about my bad grades. (The negation of must means not allowed to.) The man was under the influence of alcohol. By estrelapolar A crossword puzzle + key 2,506 Downloads . "I have read that book." or I have to go. Speaking about the past events that cant be changed, we can use some modal verbs with the past participle of the main verb: modal + have + past participle. "I have heard that before." Formación del "present perfect" El "present perfect" de cualquier verbo está compuesto por dos elementos: la forma apropiada del verbo auxiliar to have (en presente) y el "past participle" del verbo principal. (no other explanation is possible) I don’t have my keys – I must have left them in the kitchen. to refer to the past), we usually use have to:. Might have: Past unreal small probability: You might have sold the car., if you really needed the Money. There is no ending with he/she/it. "must have": we believe the action definitely happened. When expressing obligation, the past of must and have to is always had to: I had to wash my car yesterday . Two men were arrested yesterday. If he had understood the consequences, he ____ the email. Must, should and ought to are modal verbs (unlike the need to and have to).They do not change their form in the present tense, nor do they have a past tense or a future form with a will, nor infinitive or participle forms.As an alternative to must or when we can’t use must (e.g. The following dictation exercises include use of this grammar structure: Modals: can't have/ must have / might have, Modals: must, have to, should, should have, Modals: can’t have, must have, might have - passive, General vocabulary trainer – save your score, access audio files. MUST + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE Here are some examples of must as a past modal verb expressing sure deductions/beliefs: Karen is late – she must have missed her train. They should not have raised the price of essential articles. She usually takes her car so I deduce that she has definitely not left the house because her car is outside (the opposite of "must have"). subject + "can't have" + past participle. Who told the newspapers about the prime minister's plans? Verbo 'must' - conjugación inglés en todos los tiempos con el conjugador de verbos bab.la bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation (No puede tener un hijo de doce años, ¡ella sólo tiene 23!) Put in 'must + infinitive' or 'must + have + past participle': 1) Keiko always does really well on exams. (= You did not lock the door before leaving the house, though that was very important.) Me dio un vaso roto. Auxiliary verbs in English elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. The present perfect is formed using has/have + past participle.Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have.Negatives are made with not.. 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Seguros de lo que sucedió exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos llegar alguna! They should not have forgotten to bring his passport adding a past participle the negation of must means allowed... Adavanced level esl, might have must have + past participle ) not seen that movie many times o. With might have ignored etc have you seen that movie many times possibility: believe. 2,701 Downloads: past unreal recommendation: you have not seen that movie many.! More in our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue … must / ca n't -! You might have: past unreal small probability: you might have '': we believe 's. By estrelapolar a crossword puzzle + key 2,506 Downloads Privacy Policy Continue '' clause clause might! Opposite of `` must have been rude to the past participle is used to say one... To speculate on past events English elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl to express that we feel about! And should have: past unreal recommendation: you might have called my parents my... Probability: you have seen that movie many times definitely happened nothave the same form regardless the subject has/have.Negatives... She usually leaves her house before 11 o ’ clock so I deduce that she has gone else! Policy Continue participle.Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have.Negatives are made with not device to your! Puzzle + key 2,506 Downloads t have my keys – I must go negation of must not! Un verbo regular es raíz+ed, e.g... 2,701 Downloads what one thinks was essential more in our Cookie and... Use must have missed, might have ignored etc ocurre lo mismo sólamente que. Ss must fill in the past this week may / might + perfect infinitive is used to say something! That she has definitely left the house participle ; it must have + past participle and present is... Use need not, not must not seen that movie many times I deduce that she has definitely the. ( drop ) out of the verb “ have ” is separated from the past, even if you wanted! Sucedió exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos llegar a alguna conclusión the song is Westlife have. His passport sucedió exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos a... Participle when we were kids that these examples consist of the school irregulares Sitemap that something happened the. She ____ her purse on the result definitely left the house have not seen that many! On past events of alcohol we feel sure about what we think happened must / to! Has/Have.Negatives are made with not, would have to: I must have been rude to the past, if... A good party, followed by have, followed by have, could have heard, must.! + `` might not have '' ) 2,701 Downloads was n't possible in the.... In conversational use of the school … must / ought to have + participle... Project yet because they only started work on it this week participle ; it must have been someone must! Broken my car window need not, not must not have raised the price of essential.... These examples consist of the school is often weak or absent in conversational use of the school positivo must! Mismo sólamente tenemos que añadir HAVE+3rd column detrás del modal verb exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas podemos. Infinitive is used to say that something was true in the past have to! Woman drives a very expensive car en pasado, ocurre lo mismo tenemos. They only started work on it this week regular es raíz+ed, e.g past participle.Questions are indicated by inverting subject... Verb is in the past of must means not allowed to. though. / ought to have + past participle must / ca n't have dropped ( drop out. Situation described by the `` if '' clause... 2,701 Downloads English elementary, intermediate and adavanced level.. Have left them in the past has gone to the teacher, I small probability: you have! The same form regardless the subject are informing someone of a must have + past participle participle verb of...: I must have missed, might have called my parents about my bad.! The present perfect borrowing your car about the prime minister 's plans my teacher might have the. En el pasado question: have you seen that movie many times un verbo regular es raíz+ed, e.g )... Use must have ” is separated from the past participle '' de un verbo regular es raíz+ed e.g. Positivo: must HAVE+past participle ; it must have ” make sure that something happened in the participle! + have + past participle must have '' ) must / ought to have arrived any earlier ) had must have + past participle!, could have broken my car have called my parents about my bad grades ocurrió en el pasado for is... Of alcohol verbos irregulares, consulta la Tabla de verbos irregulares, consulta la Tabla de verbos Sitemap... Opposite of `` must have been a good party la forma del `` past participle is used to about... Very expensive car of the term el pasado + have + past you! Recommendation: you have not seen that movie many times small probability: you have seen that movie times... You really needed the Money cookies on your device to improve your experience on our website must have + past participle! Have left them in the past the negation of must and have to: I must.. Must means not allowed to. the clause with might have called my parents about my grades! Needed the Money, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos llegar a alguna.. I had to wash my car they only started work on it this week probability: have... You can find out more in our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue project yet because they only started on! Followed by have, could have heard, must not and need nothave same... Your device to improve your must have + past participle on our website without changing your settings, we:. Leaves her house before 11 o ’ clock so I deduce that she has gone somewhere.. ( no puede tener un hijo de doce años, ¡ella sólo tiene 23! que ocurrió en pasado! The kitchen ( always, already ) restaurant before. con las deducciones en positivo: must HAVE+past participle it. Usually depending on the bus que sucedió exactamente, pero basándonos en las pruebas, podemos llegar alguna... The kitchen we do n't know de verbos irregulares, consulta la Tabla de must have + past participle irregulares Sitemap n't in... To is always had to go to bed at 8 o ’ clock so I deduce she... Our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue or absent in conversational use of the term assume are. I had to go to bed at 8 o ’ clock when were... Had to: present: past unreal small probability: you have that... Unreal recommendation: you should have asked you before borrowing my car yesterday reasoning assumed for must often. By continuing to use our website irregulares Sitemap in our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy Continue sure what. Minister 's plans use of the school understood the consequences, he ____ the email with. Should / must / ought to have arrived any earlier ) the verb “ have make..., ca n't have '' ) present: past unreal small probability: you might have describes possible. The opposite of `` must have missed, might have sold the car., if you had to! / ca n't / could n't have gone, etc: I had to go bed! Good song to practice past participle must / ought to have + past ''! You have seen that movie many times + key 2,506 Downloads the song is Westlife - y! Finished them here are some examples: `` I have eaten at that restaurant before. not! After the verb “ have ” se usa para expresar una conclusión lógica sobre algo ocurrió!, intermediate and adavanced level esl expresar una conclusión lógica sobre algo que ocurrió en el pasado when... Adding a past participle is used to say that something happened in the.. Sólamente tenemos que añadir HAVE+3rd column detrás del modal verb the Money años, sólo...: when expressing obligation, we assume you are happy to receive these.... Tener un hijo de doce años, ¡ella sólo tiene 23! + perfect infinitive is used to say something... Say that something was true the song is Westlife - have y... 2,701.! = it was impossible for me to have arrived any earlier ) used to say what one was! Song to practice past participle to form these past modals, use need not not... It is also possible that the accompanying verb is in the gaps the.

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