Then he wrote down his observations and hid them at a secluded cove near Setauket. Woodhull was probably preparing to make careful mental notes of Tryon’s camp when he unluckily stumbled upon a group of soldiers who immediately detained him and demanded to know why he was wandering around. Verify and try again. He married, February 30, 1863, Mary Amelia, daughter of Marcus Sears and Mary Caldwell. To view a photo in more detail or edit captions for photos you added, click the photo to open the photo viewer. . Abraham Woodhull was born on October 7th 1750 in Setauket, New York, on Long Island. Immediate Family: Son of (Captain) Abraham Cooper Woodhull, Esq and Mary Anna (Smith) Woodhull. For five days Tallmadge hid in the woods while Woodhull sneaked him food. A system error has occurred. We have a volunteer within fifty miles of your requested photo location. Docents will lead a tour of the historic church, circa 1812, and its adjoining cemetery, which dates back to the 1600s. Friend and confidant of George Washington, Head of the long Island Secret Service During the American Revolution he operated under the alias Samuel Culper Sr. To him and his associates have been credited a large share of the success of the Army of the Revolution. But how do you read the non-transcribed Samuel Culper – John Bolton GW Papers via http://memory.loc.gov? Startled, Woodhull sprang to his feet and snatched up his writing paper, breaking the vial of special ink on the floor. These heroes get no mention whatsoever in our history books or lessons. Richard Woodhull II Birth: Oct. 9, 1649, Brookhaven Suffolk County, New York Death: Oct. 18, 1699, Brookhaven Suffolk County, New York Parents: Richard Woodhull I & Dorothy Howell Spouse: Temperence Topping Note: "The tombs of these men destroyed by British soldiers in 1777, a reverent son … The First Efforts to Limit the African Slave Trade Arise in the American Revolution: Part 1 of 3, The New England Colonies. Are you sure that you want to report this flower to administrators as offensive or abusive? Please complete the captcha to let us know you are a real person. If Woodhull and Townsend were exhausted they remained dedicated and efficient. Yet, in my research, I have not discovered any documents linking them to him, other than their anxieties you mentioned. the lines of a cruel and mistrustful enemy.”[11]  Tallmadge had Brewster sail him to Setauket – an exceptionally dangerous move itself – so he could meet with Woodhull and allay his spy’s concerns. In early May 1779 Woodhull’s worst fears almost came true. [7] Culper to Tallmadge, March 17, 1779, GW Papers, accessed ‎January ‎26, ‎2014, via http://memory.loc.gov. The Rebels considered the practice trading with the enemy and those caught in the act faced a jail sentence. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION © 2018. In October of 1778 after swearing allegiance to the crown, he began spying for the Patriots and reporting to Gen. George Washington. Abraham was born on October 7 1750, in Smithtown, Suffolk, New York, United States. [23]  Woodhull’s expense report submitted in July was the final curtain on his clandestine service.[24]. Moments later he realized that the intruders were his nieces, playing a game to surprise their uncle, and successfully so. Other writers and researchers associated with the JAR no doubt have other, and better, techniques. This Memorial conceived and erected by Mayflower Chapter - DAR Setauket, L. I., N.Y. - June 25, 1936 Woodhull served as a lieutenant in the Suffolk County militia for a short period of time in the fall of 1775 but resigned after a few months. Place the pin on the map to plot a location. He married Fanny Knapp. Woodhull somehow successfully answered the soldiers’ questions but the encounter still shook him to his bones. John Francis Woodhull, 8th died Benjamin Woodhull, 7th generation, born in the year 1834, the eldest son and second child ..." [2] Alexander Rose, Washington’s Spies: the Story of America’s first Spy Ring (New York: Bantam Dell, 2006), 74, 84-87. Failed to report flower. . Your new password must contain one or more uppercase and lowercase letters, and one or more numbers or special characters. The Culper intelligence allowed Washington to arrange countermoves, and the episode was one of the Ring’s greatest successes. To protect their identities Tallmadge assigned aliases for their correspondence; Tallmadge went by “John Bolton” and Woodhull used the name “Samuel Culper.”  It was the beginning of what became known as “the Culper Ring.”, Woodhull was good at the espionage business. Possibly after testing his old friend’s allegiance, Tallmadge probably dropped his bomb; it was he who secured his early release from Governor Trumbull, and would Woodhull be willing to spy for the American cause? Make sure that the file is a photo. He was the only child of this couple to use the Woodhull spelling. The family tree listed here should not be considered exhaustive or authoritative. I’m no expert on deciphering such documents, but have found that understanding the language of the time and subject matter is helpful. British forces on Manhattan obtained much of their supplies from the farms of Long Island, which meant that Woodhull could travel regularly to New York, ostensibly to sell his goods but really to observe military activities. Becoming a Find a Grave member is fast, easy and FREE. In mid-1778 he began sailing across Long Island Sound to British-held New York to sell his farm’s produce for hard currency. Suddenly the door to his room flung open and two people burst into his room. Ken, I absolutely agree with your outlook. I was just wondering. “We live in daily fear of death and destruction, this added to my usual anxiety hath almost unmanned me,” Woodhull wrote to Tallmadge in June. By the end of October he recruited his brother-in-law Amos Underhill, owner of a Manhattan boarding house, to gather information from his British Army lodgers. About Abraham Woodhull . At one point he neared an encampment of Loyalist soldiers commanded by General William Tryon. After he married his cousin Mary Smith in 1781 he resigned from service. His position as a merchant in New York City put him in an excellent position to learn British plans from his Crown business contacts. He had seven children, the youngest of whom bore the name of the man Tallmadge served throughout the war: George Washington. Are you sure that you want to remove this flower? He died in 1835 at … 2. You have chosen this person to be their own family member. [4]  In November he reported how Loyalist units were scouring local farms for wood and livestock. He visited Strong Tavern to pay off part of his debt to Selah Strong, Anna's husband. Woodhull was a staunch loyalist when the American Revolution began, and his eldest son Thomas was killed in 1773 while serving in the British Army and putting down a riot at King's College. Bakeless did not provide a primary source for Townsend’s employment as a journalist for Rivington so this part of Townsend’s role is unclear. Sorry! Death: 23 Jan 1826 (aged 75) ... Born in Setauket Oct. 7, 1750 in the original Woodhull homestead, son of Richard W. & Margaret Smith. Documents answer this question positively without doubt. Woodhull became involved in the revolution around the same time, with Anna convincing him that he should side with the patriots against the British. Thank you for fulfilling this photo request. And the different writing styles of the Culper agents becomes apparant after reading a lot of the correspondence. Dear Mr. History: Some say that George Washington lost more battles than... Mr. Neville’s perceptive and superbly written review makes me eager to read Mr. Waters’ new book! For help using the website visit our help page or contact [email protected] 16, accessed April 19 2014 via http://etext.virginia.edu. Try again later. This a nicely written book, with excellent maps too! There was an error deleting this problem. Your password must be at least 8 characters, Please check the I'm not a robot checkbox, If you want to be a Photo Volunteer you must enter a ZIP Code or select your location on the map. [23] Culper to Tallmadge, February 21, 1783, GW Papers, accessed April 27 2014 via http://memory.loc.gov. Certainly they had an emotional reunion and talked about the rebellion. The History Junkie's Guide to Adams County History and Genealogy. Father of Richard Lawrence Woodhull and Fred Woodhull. You need a Find a Grave account to add things to this site. Abraham Woodhull (October 7, 1750 – January 23, 1826) was a leading member of the American Culper Spy Ring in New York City and Setauket, New York during the American Revolution. He returned to Setauket to care for his parents and sister. During the vis… [3] Washington to Brig. or don't show this again—I am good at figuring things out. The family tree for Abraham Woodhull is still in the early stages of research. Flowers added to the memorial appear on the bottom of the memorial or here on the Flowers tab. I’m glad that you all enjoyed the article, and great points from SPM and Ken. . Yet he still completed his mission and submitted a valuable intelligence report to Washington. On a somewhat more practical level I also adjust the contrast on the images, which makes the handwriting more clear. Abraham Woodhull, hard-luck cabbage farmer and mediocre Patriot spy, is now a uniformed member of the King’s army — just as he once dreamed of as a little boy. We have a volunteer within ten miles of your requested photo location. Oops, some error occurred while uploading your photo(s). [20] Tallmadge to Washington, October 11, 1780, GW Papers, accessed April ‎24, ‎2014 via. Woodhull wrote, “I received their threats for coming there that made me almost tremble knowing my situation and business.”[1]  His statement only hinted at what he inwardly knew; that if the soldiers discovered his espionage mission, they would have hanged him without compunction. Woodhull’s marriage to Mary Smith in November may have reinforced his decision; as a family man, he had more to lose than his own life. Found more than one record for entered Email, You need to confirm this account before you can sign in. How he’d run around with Anna, and he’d secretly proposed only having to call it off for the sake of his family’s word. Your email address will not be published. Working together, Woodhull and Townsend warned Washington about British activities as the 1779 campaign developed and they discovered British plans to wreck American finances by counterfeiting Continental currency. GREAT NEWS! In the spring of 1780 the strain of spying was wearing on both Woodhull and Townsend, and Tallmadge told Washington that Townsend had become less active, and “even Culper Senior grows timid and thinks that intercourse had better be dropped for the present.”[18]  Washington agreed to shut the Culper Ring down, only to reactivate it in July to gain information that would support operations of another French fleet expected later that summer. Save to an Ancestry Tree, a virtual cemetery, your clipboard for pasting or Print. To suggest a correction or addition, visit the memorial page and click Suggest Edits. So interesting. In June, 1779, Abraham Woodhull, writing as Samuel Culper, reported that all but two mills in Suffolk County served the needs of the British. Turn produced its best finale to-date with a suspenseful and shocking installment that followed the roads to execution for Major John Andre (JJ Feild) and Abraham Woodhull (Jamie Bell). He will inform me what new works are erected on Long Island besides those at Brooklyn, and where, and of what nature. Woodhull became one of Washington’s best spies, knowing all the while that he was one step away from a noose. He used the alias "Samuel Culper", later "Samuel Culper, Sr.," a play on Culpeper County, Virginia suggested by George Washington. They likely discussed Woodhull’s activities trading with the British. Please contact Find a Grave at [email protected] if you need help resetting your password. It was organized by Major Benjamin Tallmadge and two main members of the ring were Abraham Woodhull, under the pseudonym of Samuel Culper Sr., and Robert Townsend, who used the pseudonym of Samuel Culper Jr. This flower has been reported and will not be visible while under review. [22]  In the same letter he finally bowed out of the spy business. Remove advertising from a memorial by sponsoring it for just $5. Thanks for your help! This memorial has been copied to your clipboard. JESSE SMITH WOODHULL was born 5-FEB-1796 in Suffolk County, and he m. ANNA MARIA BREWSTER before 1820. Nicely done Brooke and great photos too. 631-941-4271. Is this just presumed to be legend or myth now? Try again. Now Tallmadge wore the uniform of a major in the Second Continental Dragoons. Use the links under “See more…” to quickly search for other people with the same last name in the same cemetery, city, county, etc. It brought back fond memories of my own Boston tour and I learned considerable new material as well. Please enter your email address and we will send you an email with a reset password code. The covert activities began in 1778 and they were charged with reporting on the troop movements through New York. He died October 10, 1881. Colonel John Graves Simcoe, commander of the Loyalist Queen’s American Rangers, promptly launched a raid to grab the spy. I thought you might like to see a memorial for Abraham Woodhull I found on Findagrave.com. In July 1778 Woodhull paid for his daring when a Continental naval patrol intercepted his boat and Rebel authorities threw him into a Connecticut jail. You may not upload any more photos to this memorial, This photo was not uploaded because this memorial already has 20 photos, This photo was not uploaded because you have already uploaded 5 photos to this memorial, This photo was not uploaded because this memorial already has 30 photos, This photo was not uploaded because you have already uploaded 20 photos to this memorial. [13] Culper to John Bolton, June 5, 1779, GW Papers, accessed ‎March ‎29, ‎2014 via http://memory.loc.gov; Rose, Washington’s Spies, 129. A Loyalist named John Wolsey returned to Long Island after a stint in a Connecticut prison for privateering and reported a rumor that Woodhull was working for the Rebels. Try again later. But the event convinced the spy of his “constant danger” and he curtailed operations. Woodhull told Anna to raise a black petticoat on her clothing line to signal Tallmadge's courier, and it turned out to be Caleb Brewster. Abraham Woodhull and Anna Strong Revisited. If you notice a problem with the translation, please send a message to [email protected] and include a link to the page and details about the problem. In late July the agents reported that the British knew about the expected fleet and were moving naval forces to counter a planned French attack on Rhode Island. We do not have any photo volunteers within fifty miles of your requested photo location. [15] Rose, Washington’s Spies, 146-151; John Bakeless, Turncoats, Traitors & heroes: Espionage in the American Revolution (New York; J.B. Lippincot, 1959, reprint, Da Capo Press, 1998), 228. Abraham Woodhull and Anna Strong Revisited. Greetings, TURNcoats new and old – and a special welcome to the scores of new spy-curious readers that found this site after binge-watching Season 1 on Netflix! March 30, 1844 (48) Setauket, Suffolk, New York. For memorials with more than one photo, additional photos will appear here or on the photos tab. Enter a valid email address and a feedback message. We have 2 volunteers within ten miles of your requested photo location. Brookhaven, Suffolk County, New York, USA. He freed his slaves long before they were legally free. Washington sent another vial of ink.[12]. Categories Revolutionary War. There is a problem with your email/password. [17] Washington to Tallmadge, September 22 1779, Writings of George Washington, Vol. Tallmadge wrote Washington on October 11, 1780 that Arnold knew “not a single link in the chain of my correspondence,” but that the Culper operatives were “too apprehensive of danger to give their immediate usual intelligence.”[20]  Woodhull and Townsend laid low but returned to providing information. All photos uploaded successfully, click on the Done button to see the photos in the gallery. I’m sure you know that the value of intelligence is often intangible, and therefore not always apparant until viewed with the benefit of hindsight. [13]  The respite was ill-timed; Woodhull missed most of the signs that the British were beginning an offensive to seize control of the Hudson River, and the campaign of 1779 began with Washington unaware of Clinton’s plans. Gen. Charles Scott, September 25, 1778, GW Papers, accessed January 18, 2014 via http://memory.loc.gov. Woodhull was a descendant of Richard Lawrence Woodhull, a wealthy settler of Setauket, and was also related to New York militia Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull. [19], But on the heels of this victory came a threat to their security. The ink was a solution developed by John Jay’s brother, Sir James Jay. The Woodhull family covered here possibly can be traced to a Wodell, which then changed to Odell or Odle, and finally became Woodhull. I concur – great article. Husband of Anna Maria Brewster; Hannah Skidmore and Charity A. Smith. Makes me feel resentful, though, at our Long Island schools. Journal of the American Revolution also produces annual hardcover volumes, a branded book series, and the podcast, Dispatches. Failed to delete memorial. One day, while tending to his cabbage field, Abe discovered maggots destroying his crop. Failure was not an option. GREAT NEWS! Before 1776, Woodhull may have briefly served with a militia company, but there is little to tie him to either side of the war until his spying. Fifth generation from Richard Woodhull, the original grantee of a large portion of Brookhaven Town. His father was a local judge who was linked to Patriot politics. We’ve updated the security on the site. We have set your language to Highwaymen on the road near the town of Huntington robbed him of all of his money in early April 1779, and Woodhull told Tallmadge that he felt “a life of anxiety to be within . [22] Culper to Tallmadge, June 4, 1781, GW Papers, accessed ‎January ‎26, ‎2014 via http://memory.loc.gov. After the death of his wife, ANNA MARIA, JESSE m. CHARITY SMITH. [9]  Culper to Scott, October 31, 1778, GW Papers, accessed ‎January ‎26, ‎2014, via http://memory.loc.gov. 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