In Matthew 5:19, Jesus Christ mentions "the least commandment." Are we supposed to hide them? 2. By a careful reading of what Jesus says here, we can see that He was not speaking about whether God considers breaking these lesser laws to be sin—He does—but about how our keeping of God's law affects our future position in His Kingdom. Galatians 3:19 What is the Bible's definition of righteousness? First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God. Paul was "a Pharisee of the Pharisees," and he went around throwing people into prison and, indeed, he may have even consented to the martyrdom of Stephen. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach. Christ’s view being such as indicated, He must so judge of the setter aside of any laws however small. (19-20) The disciple’s relationship to the law. “Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. Most modern theology discards the letter in favor of the spirit, but one extreme is as bad as the other. Compare all, Pharisee indicates "separatist," one who is separate from others in the world. Being right—in addition to keeping God's commands—means being humble, modest, kindhearted, concerned, sympathetic, empathetic, helpful, warmhearted, friendly, gracious, serving, giving, charitable, open, hospitable, cordial, thoughtful, considerate, sensitive, cooperative, and on and on. However, it still has to be right, and being right in this requires personal sacrifices. But if salt loses its taste, with what … 5. This is where we have to begin. Fulfills, in this case, means “fills to the full,” “fully exemplifies the conduct it covers,” or “expands to its fullest intent.” Consider His subsequent illustrations carefully: You have heard that it was said to those of old, “You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.” But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. What if our works are good? And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. One of these least commandments - The Pharisees, it is probable, divided the precepts of the law into lesser and greater, teaching that they who violated the former were guilty of a trivial offence only. MP3 Audio (5.26 MB) Mr. Greene talks about the meaning of Matthew 5:19 on this day of Pentecost. In other words, they shall be reduced by the retributive providence that overtakes them, to the same condition of dishonor to which, by their system and their teaching, they have brought down those eternal principles of God's law. Matthew 25:1-12 5 The Pharisees and the experts in the law asked him, “Why do your disciples not live according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with unwashed hands?” 6 He said to them, “Isaiah prophesied correctly about you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. Source material for the Gospel of Matthew seems to suggest a date of composition between 80 and 90 CE. If one keeps the Sabbath, like the other commandments, it leads to freedom. Furthermore, they see it as a contradiction of Jesus' sinlessness (according to His own words, Matthew 5:19) for Him to have taught disobedience to any Torah command, no matter how small. Matthew 5:14-16, light of the world 5:14 You are the light of the world. The mission of the church is to bring people into the kingdom. Is there a connection between good works and keeping the law? Pentecost represents the beginning of God writing His Word on our hearts, so that we may do and teach His commandments. Sabbathkeeping (Part 1). but whosoever shall do and teach them—whose principles and teaching go to exalt the authority and honor of God's law, in its lowest as well as highest requirements. And whoever says to his brother, “Raca!” shall be in danger of the council. Transgressing any commandment—even the least of them—can reduce our reward in the Kingdom. Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. If people keep the ninth commandment, it keeps the world free of deceit. To break the fourth commandment makes us just as guilty and worthy of death as breaking any of the others. The Lord Jesus had just announced that He did not come to destroy the Law but to fulfil both the Law and the prophetic writings and then He continued to explain that not until heaven and earth pass away will the smallest jot or tiniest tittle of the Law pass - for all things had to be accomplished. In this case, it does not mean “accomplishes by keeping” or “does away with,” as judged against what He taught in what immediately follows. the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven—shall, by that providence which watches over the honor of God's moral administration, be raised to the same position of authority and honor to which they exalt the law. 1 Corinthians 2:2 Far from doing away with God's commandments, He raises the standards of acceptable behavior far higher. Clearly, if people keep the seventh commandment, it keeps the world free from adultery and fornication. We have to exceed the letter of the law. Whosoever shall do and teach.—Here again the teaching work of the disciples is prominent. Using this principle, consider that there can be no doubt that, of all the Ten Commandments held in respect and honor by the people of the world, the Sabbath commandment is the least of the ten. And He answered and said to them, … 79. No New Testament passage rescinds the tithing law. Matthew 19:5, NASB: "and said, ‘FOR THIS REASON A MAN SHALL LEAVE HIS FATHER AND HIS MOTHER AND BE JOINED TO HIS WIFE, AND THE TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH’?" Even in the smallest matter, the smallest statement—the jot and the tittle—the law must be fulfilled. And. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Christ teaches that in his kingdom they who make this distinction, or who taught that any laws of God might be violated with impunity, should be called least; while they should be held in high regard who observed all the laws of God without distinction. Galatians 2:20 (m) T. Hicros. ((n) T. Bab. I have come not to abolish but to fulfill. & 89. John W. Ritenbaugh Matthew 5: 32 and Matthew 19: 9 are important verses in a study of biblical marriage. John 2:1-11 Then comes His statement regarding law. Even though officially admitting that the day is commanded in the Bible, the Catholic Church thinks it has the authority to change it. That honour belonged to him only who was all unconscious that he had any claim to it. K.J.V. 3. 35. One must first keep it in the letter before learning how to keep its spirit. And elsewhere (k) he affirms, "if a prophet, whom we know to be a prophet, should order us , "to transgress anyone of the commands", which are mentioned in the law, or many commands, whether light or heavy, for a time, we are ordered to hearken to him; and so we learn from the former wise men, by tradition, that in everything a prophet shall say to thee , "transgress the words of the law", as Elias on Mount Carmel, hear him, except in the case of idolatry. Resume Prayer. Matthew 5: 32 and Matthew 19: 9, a Study . Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter will pass from the law, until all things have taken place. Darby Thus, sandwiched between righteousness and letting one's light shine comes an explanation that He did not come to do away with the law but to fill it to the full, to help us understand its ultimate application—its spiritual intent. he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven—As the thing spoken of is not the practical breaking, or disobeying, of the law, but annulling or enervating its obligation by a vicious system of interpretation, and teaching others to do the same; so the thing threatened is not exclusion from heaven, and still less the lowest place in it, but a degraded and contemptuous position in the present stage of the kingdom of God. The Similes of Salt and Light. Many and many a man in the hour of his sorrow has discovered his fellow-men and his God as he never did before. Notice where His statement appears. Sorrow can do two things for us. The Protestant churches' justification is to argue around it on twisted technical, legal grounds, but they ultimately reduce it to being merely ceremonial in nature. Beracot, c. 9. sect. James : & 90. Matthew 5:19 Context. When combined with the keeping of God's commandments, it will produce quite a witness and go a long way toward keeping us clean—because we will be using God's Word as He intends. Matthew 5:19. ὃς ἐὰν οὖν λύσῃ, etc. The Bible often chides the rich who gain their wealth by unjust means, oppression, extortion, false balances, etc. CHAPTER 5:17-20 TEXT: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, … That is human nature's thinking, not God's thinking. The Ten Commandments are a unity. (4-6) Jesus’ first answer to the Pharisees: get back to marriage. It is parallel to verse 18 where it says, "not one jot or one tittle," the least things that are part of the law of God . 85. Why Hebrews Was Written (Part One), The letter of the law that the Pharisees tried to keep was not enough—especially for us. Sheviith, fol. Transgressing any commandment—even the least of them—can reduce our reward in the Kingdom. To bring the kingdom rule on earth “as it [currently] is in heaven” (Mt 6:10). Jesus says that in his kingdom all this vain division and tradition would cease. Matthew 5:19, ESV: "Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven." When a religious system has lasted long, and is wearing towards its decline and fall, there are always such men. But they may be reconciled with Matthew 5:17, as above interpreted. , like the other is human nature 's thinking, not God 's Word and teach it, but extreme. 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